Chronology of Pakistani Missile Development


Pakistan's Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) is created to oversee all space research and development programs.  


SUPARCO begins launching imported sounding rockets from a test range near the Indian Ocean.  


SUPARCO develops the capability to fabricate rocket motors from raw materials. It has a solid-fuel manufacturing plant and maintains an instrument development facility and a rocket testing range.  


Pakistan's surface-to-surface ballistic missile program begins in the early 1980s with development of the Hatf-1 and Hatf-2. The Hatf-1 has an estimated range of 80km and 500kg payload.  The Hatf-2 has an estimated range of 300km and a 500kg payload.  


SUPARCO's chairman, Dr. Salim Mehmud, says that his organization lacks skilled technical specialists, and that space technology-related training facilities are non-existent. He also complains about financial limitations on the space program and that development is stymied by a limited industrial infrastructure.  


Pakistan opens a rocket propellant factory.  


In April, tests of the Hatf-1 and Hatf-2 are announced.  Pakistan says it produced both missiles indigenously but Western sources suspect it received technical assistance from China.   

The Hatf-2 is displayed publicly for the first time during a Pakistan Day Joint Services Parade. The missile  was mounted on a mobile launcher converted from a British anti-aircraft gun carriage.  


An improved variant, the Hatf-1A, with a 100km range has reportedly been developed. 

China may have sold more than 30 ballistic missiles to Pakistan, including the M-11, with 300km range and 800kg payload.  


The Hatf-2 is declared operational.    


Pakistan announces a  test of the 800km Hatf-3 in July. 

In January, Pakistan announces development of  the 1,500km-range, 700kg payload, Ghauri ballistic missile.  

In April, a test-launch of the indigenously produced Ghauri is announced. However, on 4/14/98, US intelligence officials report that Pakistan had actually launched a North Korean-built Nodong missile.