Chronology of Indian Missile Development
India begins a space-research and satellite-launch program. By 1972, the Rohini-560 two-stage, solid fueled, sounding rocket is test-fired. The Rohini-560 could reach an altitude of 334km with a 100kg payload.
The Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV-3 space booster is launched for the first time.
The 35kg Rohini-1 satellite is successfully launched into near-Earth orbit.
The Defense Research and Development
Organization (DRDO) announces its Integrated Guided Missile Development
Program (IGMDP). The IGMDP will seek to develop five missile types:
India begins flight testing an Advanced
Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV).
The Prithvi is test-fired.
India announces development of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) (8,000km-range/1,000kg payload) to place a one-ton satellite in polar orbit. The PSLV could be capable of delivering a nuclear warhead over intercontinental ranges if re-engineered as a weapon system.
India test-fires the Agni.
The Nag is test-fired in November.
Initial production of the Prithvi-1 may have begun in mid-1994. The Indian Army orders 100 Prithvi-1 missiles, to be deployed with its 333rd Missile Group.
The Akash is reported to be undergoing user trials.
India reports that it is developing a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). In 1/96, Russia is scheduled to begin delivery of seven cryogenic engines for the GSLV.
India's new government, led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), plans to "build nuclear weapons and accelerate production of long-range missiles to deliver them." The BJP plans to increase production of the Prithvi missile and expedite development of the Agni intermediate-range ballistic missile.
Senior Clinton administration officials in the United States report on 4/27/98 that India has a sea-launched ballistic missile named Sagarika. The Sagarika has a range of 200 miles, is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead, and will be launched from a submerged submarine.
India successfully test-fires the Trishul on 5/11/98. The Trishul can be employed as a surface-to surface or surface-to-air missile. India describes the Trishul as having a "triple role" capability.